Polished Concrete

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Polished Concrete

Concrete Grinding Process

The process begins with the use of coarse diamond segments bonded in a metal matrix. These segments are abrasive enough to remove minor pits, blemishes, stains, or light coatings from the floor in preparation for final concrete polishing. Depending on the condition of the floor, this initial rough concrete grinding is generally a three- to four-step process.

Concrete Polishing Process

Next is the fine grinding of the concrete surface using diamond abrasives in a resin matrix similar to sanding wood, progressive grits are used until the desired sheen is achieved. For an extremely high-gloss finish, a final grit of 1500 or finer may be used. For a lower more natural honed look, the concrete polishers may stop at a 100/200 grit sheen. During the concrete grinding/polishing process an impregnating sealer is applied. These sealers harden and seal the floor from the inside out. This eliminates the need for a topical sealers, which significantly reduces maintenance. Sometimes a polish guard is applied to protect the floor from spills and excessive floor staining.

Residential Polished Concrete Floor Benefits:

Cost savings: Traditional floor covering materials are not necessary when the slab on grade is used as the finished floor surface
Longer life-cycle savings: Polished floors are not as vulnerable to damage as other materials and do not need replacing
Easy to clean: Won’t collect dust, dirt, allergens
Available in wide variety of colors and designs

Commercial and Retail Polished Concrete Floor Benefits:

Cost savings: Using the slab on grade as the finished floor surface is more cost effective, maintenance costs are lower
Less maintenance and longer service life: Polished floors are easy to clean, requiring only occasional damp mopping. They also eliminate the need for messy waxes or coatings as well as the associated labor, time, and expense to apply them. The glossy surface of polished concrete resists the marks of forklift truck tires and staining from oil and chemical spills.
Resistant to moisture transmission issues: Polished concrete allows the floor to breathe and eliminates issues that arise with other flooring materials that seal off the concrete, such as tile, etc.
High light reflectivity: Important for office building, hotels, restaurants, and other public facilities that want to project a bright, clean, professional image. Also saves energy by reducing artificial lighting requirements
Is a sustainable flooring alternative: Polished concrete does not require hazardous concrete coatings and may qualify for points on Green/LEED projects

Functional Benefits:

– Harder and stronger than other floor finishes

– Does not lift, peal or flake

– Dense surface helps protect against absorption of oil and contaminants

– Resists tire

– More abrasion resistant than unfinished concrete

– No hydrostatic / vapor pressure issues

– Creates a flat and level surface

– Typically meets/ exceeds OSHA recommends of a static coefficient friction of 0.5

Economic Benefits:

– No down time while chemical processes cure

– Lower initial costs compared to most other floor coverings

– One-time application with minimal maintenance

– Lower maintenance costs with less wear on cleaning equipment and consumables

– Long life cycle

Environmental Benefits:

– Dry, dust-controlled equipment filters out 99.9% of all airborne dust

– Qualifies for LEED projects

– No coating, urethane, waxes or topical coatings applied

– No slurry and no VOC’s

– No application odors

The most common places polished concrete is used include:

  • Warehouse floors

  • Retail stores

  • Restaurants

  • Office buildings

  • Auto showrooms

  • Residential floors

  • Schools

  • Manufacturing Facilities


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